Metformin diabetes pills


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metformin bnf. To treat high blood sugar, metformin is taken along with a healthy diet, an exercise routine, and maybe other drugs. Those with type 2 diabetes use it. Keeping blood sugar levels under control helps prevent kidney damage, blindness, nerve damage, limb loss, and issues with sexual function. Your chance of having a heart attack or stroke may be reduced if your diabetes is well controlled. The way that metformin works is by assisting in restoring your body’s appropriate reaction to the insulin that you naturally make. Also, it reduces how much sugar your liver produces and how much sugar your stomach and intestines absorb.

How to take oral metformin

Before starting to take metformin and each time you get a refill, read the Patient Information Booklet if it is available from your pharmacist. You should speak with your doctor or pharmacist if you have any questions.

Take this medication by mouth as directed by your doctor, usually 1 to 3 times a day with meals. Drink plenty of fluids while taking this medication unless otherwise directed by your doctor. metformin-bnf

The dosage is based on your medical condition, response to treatment, and other medications you may be taking. Be sure to tell your doctor and pharmacist about all the products you use (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products). To reduce your risk of side effects (such as upset stomach), your doctor may direct you to start this medication at a low dose and gradually increase your dose. Follow your doctor’s instructions carefully. metformin-bnf

Take this medication regularly in order to get the most benefit from it. Remember to use it at the same times each day.


See also Warning section.

Before taking this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to metformin; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.

Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: severe breathing problems (such as obstructive lung disease, severe asthma), blood problems (such as anemia, vitamin B12 deficiency), kidney disease, liver disease.

Before having surgery or any X-ray/scanning procedure using iodinated contrast, tell your doctor or dentist about all the products you use (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products). You may need to stop this medication for a short time for the surgery/procedure. Ask your doctor or dentist for instructions before your surgery/procedure.

You may experience blurred vision, dizziness, or drowsiness due to extremely low or high blood sugar. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires alertness or clear vision until you are sure you can perform such activities safely.

Additional information


500 mg, 850 mg


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